BRUSSELS (Reuters) – According to a questionnaire seen by Reuters, EU antitrust investigators are questioning Microsoft’s (MSFT.O) rivals and customers about its cloud business and licencing arrangements, which may lead to a formal probe and fresh scrutiny of the U.S. software major.

In the preceding decade, the European Commission fined Microsoft a total of 1.6 billion euros ($1.8 billion) for violating EU antitrust regulations and failing to comply with its order to stop anti-competitive conduct.

After German software firm NextCloud, France’s OVHcloud (OVH.PA), and two other companies filed complaints over Microsoft’s cloud operations, the corporation found itself back on the EU competition enforcer’s radar.

The questionnaire stated, “The Commission has evidence that Microsoft may be exploiting its potentially dominant position in some software industries to obstruct competition on certain cloud computing services.”

Regulators questioned whether Microsoft’s licence agreements with cloud service providers enable competitors to compete effectively.

They also want to know if businesses required Microsoft’s operating systems and productivity apps to supplement their own cloud infrastructure offerings in order to compete effectively.

Companies were also questioned about the discrepancies in licence costs and commercial conditions between licencing arrangements with cloud service providers and another programme in which they bundle and resell Microsoft’s cloud services alongside their own.

Another point of emphasis was the possibility of technological constraints on cloud storage services offered on corporations’ cloud infrastructure.

“We’re constantly reviewing how we can best serve partners and make Microsoft products available to customers across all settings, including those of other cloud providers,” Microsoft stated in an email.

Margrethe Vestager, the EU’s antitrust director, stated earlier this week that she had no reservations about cloud computing, citing competition from Europe’s Gaia-X programme.

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